Sirindhorn Museum(Kalasin was formerly called Phu Kum Khao Fossil Research Center) is located in Kalasin province, a significant dinosaur fossil excavation site in the Northeast of Thailand. The Kalasin province is also well known for its Phuthai culture, Phraewa silk, and Lampao reservoir.
The museum is the first dinosaur fossil museum in Thailand establishing for the purposes of study and research, preserving the fossils as references, and geological tourism.
Phra Kru Vijitsahassakun, the abbot of Wat Sakawan, found dinosaur fossils at Phu Kum Khao, Sahassakhan district, Kalasin Province in 1994. Department of Mineral Resources researchers excavated the fossils later the same year and found that Phu Kum Khao is the complete herbivore dinosaur site in Thailand.
The museum project started in 1995 due to the discovery of dinosaur fossils at Wat Sakkawan. The fossils discover is a prime evidence for study and research and can be used as world class references since they are new species and kinds.
HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn presided over the opening ceremony of the museum on 9 December 1998. Since then, the museum has served as the palaeontology research and education center, fossils preservation location, permanent museum with light and sound artistry as well as library and conference halls.
Sirindhorn Museum or Phu Kum Khao Fossil Research Center is the complete and largest fossil museum and research center in Southeast Asia.
The museum is composed of a research building for dinosaur fossils and others vertebrate, and an exhibition building, and is opened to public.
The exhibitions are divided into 8 zones :
Zone 1 : The Origin of the Earth and Universe
The 1st zone is home to the exhibition of the Earth and Universe, where visitors can trace back to the Big Bang, the primeval explosion that turned the flying debris into galaxies,stars and planets.
Zone 2 : The Origin of the Living Things
Life first evolved after the meteorite collision with the Earth and volcanic eruption. Living things are enormously complex and originated in a series of small steps. Geotectonic and geological time scale in the museum helps explain the significant evolutions.
Zone 3 : Paleozoic Era
Life began in the ocean but eventually transitioned onto land, and by the late Paleozoic. Towards the end of the era, large, sophisticated reptiles were dominant and the first modern plants appeared.
Zone 4 : Mesozoic Era and Thai dinosaur
Zone 4.1 - "Mesozoic Era" Pangaea was a supercontinent that existed during the Late Paleozoic and Early Mesozoic eras. Warm climate and deserts in the inland regions of supercontinent led to the origin of reptiles. As Pangaea drifted, it started to show signs of breaking apart. Many older reptiles disappeared in several mass extinctions, giving way to new species. The most successful of these were the dinosaurs that evolved. They spread to every continent and occupied every environment. The earliest mammals also evolved at this time.
Zone 4.2 - "Thai dinosaur" A variety of dinosaurs such as The ropodsorcarnivorous dinosaur, Sauropod and Psittacosaurus or herbivorous dinosaurs lived in Thailand during Mesozoic era. The exhibition room demonstrates all types of dinosaur fossils found in Thailand.
Zone 5 : Dinosaurs in Thailand.
This zone presents dinosaur’s diet, hunting, self defense and its baby sitting. The visitors will enjoy the amazement and vivid perspectives of the dinosaur life.
Zone 6 : Bring life to dinosaur
Phu Kum Khao help us to understand dinosaur life despites its extinction 65 million years ago. The visitors can see the working process in the largest laboratory in the region as well as the dinosaur fossils collections.
Zone 7 : Cenozoic Era
This zone depicts the mammal evolution. The visitors can see the related lineage examples of the mammal evolution through elephant, horse, rhinosaurus, whale, bat, and the main mammal groups. These mammals are the consequences from the evolution 65 million years ago.
Zone 8 : Human being
Depicts the area of applied geology including the geohazards such as landslide, volcano eruption, earthquake, and tsunami in order to raise awareness among the public.
Currently, there is the "Phu Nam Jun Fish Fossil" exhibition. It is regarded as the complete fossil of "Lepidotes", a new type of ancient freshwater fish, with the length of 30-60 cm. It lived in the Mesozoic Era(as same as dinosaurs) 65 million years ago.
Apart from the exhibitions, there are also meeting rooms, restaurants, and souvenir shop offered at Sirindhorn Museum, Thailand. Kalasin attractions Wat Sakkawan, with a famous ancient Subduing Mara Buddha image from the Tawaravadee period.
Opening Hours :
Tuesday - Sunday : 09.30 - 16.30
Closed on every Monday except on public holidays
Entrance Fees :
For Thai nationals - 10 Thai Baht for children and 40 Thai Baht for adults
For Foreigners - 50 Thai Baht for children and 100 Thai Baht for adults
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